November 1, 2009
H1N1 flu spreads around the world, age group and college
athletes are unfortunately coming down with the flu in high
Athletes are more likely to be physically and mentally stressed, making them more susceptible to illness, warns Charlie Thompson, the chairman of the National Athletic Trainer’s Association’s college and university athletic trainers committee.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2009 H1N1 flu can vary in severity from mild to severe.
But the flu doesn’t have to put a damper on your swimming season, especially if you have a mild case. For instance, Peter Vanderkaay battled H1N1 flu and three weeks later came back to win the 400 meter freestyle at U.S. Nationals.
If you come down with the flu, you may be able to lessen the impact by following a few of these tips compiled from doctors, trainers, and the CDC.
- Stay hydrated
A common side effect of the flu is loss of
appetite, resulting in less fluid intake and even dehydration. Try
drinking small amounts of fluid often and choose drinks that
contain electrolytes, such as sports drinks. Michael Castleman,
author of Cold Cures: The Complete Guide to Prevention and
Treatment of the Common Cold and Flu, recommends drinking lots of
hot fluids at the first onset of flu symptoms. Hot fluids impair
viral replication, plus they have a mild decongestant effect.
- Eat small, healthy meals
If your appetite is squelched, try eating
small meals more often. And remember that fresh fruit and
vegetables contain antioxidant nutrients that bolster the immune
system, which in turn helps reduce your risk of other
- Sleep it off
Anecdotal evidence among those with swine flu
reveals that the virus often comes in waves. You may feel better,
but then the fever returns along with other symptoms or possibly a
bacterial infection. To give your body its best chance, sleep it
off. Doctors recommend sleeping between eight to 10 hours a day to
help your body recover and avoid other infections. According to Dr.
Maoshing Ni, your immune system function drops by an average of 60
percent after just three nights of poor sleep.
- Protect your towels
To avoid spreading germs during flu season, don’t share towels. Flu viruses can linger on linens such as your swimming towels. WebMD recommends using a household disinfectant for bathrooms and laundry rooms, following the directions on the product’s label. The CDC recommends that when you launder the towels of someone who has the flu, don’t hug the laundry before washing it, and set the clothes dryer to the hot setting. And everyone in the house should wash their hands with soap and water (or use an alcohol-based hand gel) immediately after handling dirty laundry.
- DON'T SHARE WATER BOTTLES (no explanation needed)
- Don’t waste money on miracle cures
Despite what you may read on the Internet,
swine flu has no miracle cure. The government’s www.flu.gov
website lists more than a handful of fraudulent H1N1 flu
“treatments” including air systems, body washes, gels,
inhalers, and herbal extracts. Also note that vitamins and other
supplements don’t boost the immune system or fight the flu,
so don’t count on vitamins to work recovery magic.
- Ease back into your workout
Once you are feeling over the worst, doctors
recommend that you start slow. Go for a gentle walk to get some
fresh air and open up the lungs again. But don't over-exercise, and
gradually return to your normal workout routine. People who get the
flu typically run a fever and experience muscle aches for several
days. So that’s not the time to put your body through an
intense workout. Check your temperature to ensure you have no fever
before you head back to the pool. Even though the H1N1 flu virus
cannot live in a properly chlorinated pool, you could spread germs
in the locker room if you go back too soon.
Finally, don't get wrapped up in the hype or panic over H1N1. Seek medical care if you have a severe case. But odds are, you will be feeling better within a week or so.
Melanie McMullen, BaySide Media (www.baysidemedia.com), is a freelance contributor for www.swimnetwork.com and a member of the Downtown Oakland YMCA Master’s swim team.