Block: The starting platform
Coach: A person who trains and teaches athletes in the sport of swimming
DQ (Disqualified): This occurs when a swimmer has committed an infraction of some kind (e.g. one-handed touch in breaststroke). A disqualified swimmer is not eligible to receive an award, nor will there be an official time in that event
Drill: An exercise involving a part of a stroke, used to improve technique
Dry-land Training: Training done out of the water that aids and enhances swimming performance; usually includes stretching, calisthenics, and/or weight training
False Start: Occurs when a swimmer is moving at the start prior to the signal.
Finish: The final phase of the race – the touch at the end of the race.
Flags: Backstroke flags placed 5 meters from the end of the pool. They enable backstrokers to execute a backstroke turn more efficiently through being able to count the number of strokes into each wall.
Free Relay: An event in which 4 swimmers compete together as a team to achieve a time, each swimming freestyle
Goal: A specific time achievement a swimmer sets and strives for; can be short or long term
Heat Sheets: The swim meet program. Each race consisting of 6 or 8 swimmers (depending on the size of the pool) is 1 heat. Each event has several heats.
I.M.: Slang for individual medley, an event in which the swimmer uses all four strokes in the following order: butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle.
Medley Relay: An event in which 4 swimmers compete together as a team to achieve a time, with each swimmer swimming one of the four strokes in the following order: backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle.
Meet: Competition designed to be a measure of progress and a learning experience. By implementing what has been learned in practice, the swimmers test themselves against the clock to see how they are progressing.
Negative Split: Swimming the second half of the race faster than the first half.
Official: A judge on the deck of the pool at a sanctioned competition who enforces SNC rules.
Official Time: A time achieved in a race during a duly sanctioned competition.
Pace: The often pre-determined speed with which a swimmer completes each segment of a race (e.g.25m, 50m)
Pace Clock: Large clock with a large second hand and a smaller minute had, used to check pace or maintain intervals in practice (may also be digital).
PB: Personal Best. A swimmers current best time in any given race.
Psych Sheets: Lists of swimmers entered in each event in a particular meet.
Q-Time: Qualifying time necessary to compete in an event at Provincials.
Relay: An event in which 4 swimmers compete together as a team to achieve a time.
Runners: Persons on deck, assisting officials with time cards and sheets.
Sanctioned Meet: All competitions in which records may be set and official times may be obtained must be sanctioned (approved officially) by a Swim NS Sanctioning Officer.
Scratch: To withdraw from an event in a competition.
Seed Time: A swimmer’s previous best time. The entry time used to enter a race. Short Course or SC: A 25 meter long pool (or 25 yard pool) in which summer competitions are held.
SNS: Swim Nova Scotia
Split: A swimmer’s intermediate time in a race. Splits are registered every 50m and are used to determine if a swimmer is on a planned pace.
Standard: A qualifying time swimmers must have achieved to be allowed entry to Provincials or to be considered an age group swimmer.
Streamline: The position used to gain maximum distance during a start and/or push-off from the wall in which the swimmer’s body is as tight and straight as it can be.
SWAD: Swimmer with a disability.
Taper: The final preparation phase before a meet, may include practices with less distance covered, a “rest and prepare” phase.
Time Card: The card issued to each swimmer prior to each race, on which splits and the final time are recorded. Not used at “cardless” meets.
Time Trial: A practice race which is not part of a regular competition. Time trials may be sanctioned and used to qualify for Provincials.
Warm-up: Low-intensity swimming used by swimmers prior to a main practice set or a race to get muscles loose and warm, and to gradually increase heart rate and respiration.
Watches: Stopwatches used to time swimmers during a competition.