By clicking our Official's tab you have just completed the most difficult requirement on becoming an OFFICIAL!!

To become an Official, no previous experience is required.  In fact, you don't even have to have a swimming background yourself.  An enjoyment from watching our kids swim competitively is the only prerequisite..... 


To all returning PCY Tigersharks Officials, we sincerely thank you & appreciate your past Officiating at our PCY Swim Meets. This year we’ve decided to enhance communication among the Officials Group through this page.


Here are a few great reasons to become a PCY Swimming Official:

1. Being on deck at swim meets gives you the best "seat " at the meet

2. Learn and understand the subtleties of the sport: stroke technique, meet preparations & procedures

3. Free Heat Sheet

4. Fun way to satisfy PCY Tigersharks Meet Volunteer Requirement

5. Training is self-paced; materials provided with reimbursement of any certification fees

6. Rewarding way to get involved

7. Opportunity to Officiate at away meets

8. Our "apprentice" approach will give you ample opportunity to partner-on-deck with an experienced  official.  You decide when your ready to Officiate "solo".



Ready to move forward?


It's EASY:


Step 1)

Register yourself on the YMCA Swimming link below:

YMCA Swimming Registration


Step 2)

Take a few minutes to check out some of the YMCA Officials Resources on the YMCA Swimming Site:

YMCA Officials


Step 3)

Review the on-line Official's Certification Test.'s "open-book" and done at your own pace!  

Official's Certification Test is found at the following link:

YMCA Officials

Note: you must attend the YMCA Official's Class prior to taking the on-line certification test.


Step 4)

Attend one informative Official's Clinic that's offered a few times during the year.  

Click on the following link to learn about upcoming YMCA Level I & II YMCA Swim Official's Classes and schedules:

YMCA Swim Official's Class

Click on the link below to register for a specific Y Official Class:


Want more information, or have some specific questions about Officiating?  Email me, Steve Connock, directly at




It’s not too late to certify and / or re-certify for YMCA Official Level I in 2016 !!


A YMCA Swim Official Level I Class will be held at BASH Monday, 12/5/2016.  
 Those interested will be able to sign up at the link below:



Education, Training & Reference


"Da Rules"

Here are a few quick links on "Rules and Regulations:


USA Swimming Rules and Regulations

FINA Medley Interpretation-9/8/15

Breaststroke / Butterfly Separate Hands Interpretation


Here's an interesting History of Rules and Rule Changes in the Sport of Swimming from USA Swimming July 2016:


For FINA there is opportunity to change swimming rules every four years at a FINA Technical Congress. All member federations are invited to submit proposals that are reviewed by the Technical Swimming Committee. The Committee then recommends action to the Bureau. All proposals come to the Congress with a Bureau recommendation. The Congress then votes on the proposals as recommended by the Bureau.

The next Congress is in the summer of 2017 in Budapest. 

Carol Zaleski
FINA, Technical Swimming Chairman



There was a time when three starts could occur before a disqualification. If there was movement, two such starts could be called back and charged on the field but no false start disqualification charged to an individual until the third start. 
This was changed in about 1990 to allow two starts. The first false start was charged on the field with an individual disqualification called on the second start. 

This was the rule until 1998 when it became optional whether to use a one start rule or a two start rule. If one, the individual disqualification would come at the end of the race. If two, the first start would be recalled, charged to the field and the individual disqualification would be made at the completion of the race after the second start. 

The starting rule has now been the same since 2001. Any swimmer starting before the signal shall be disqualified. If the starting signal has been given before the disqualification is declared, the race shall continue with the disqualification at the completion of the race. It is important to note that false start disqualifications must be observed and confirmed by both the Starter and the Referee.

As you might imagine each change was controversial. The convincing point for me was a statement from an Olympic athlete who said: “Many guys play games at the start. They try to distract you or draw you off the blocks. Your first start is the best one. If I could concentrate on my own start and not worry what the guys next to me were doing, that would be great.”


There was a long period of time when a breaststroke swimmer was required to have the head above the “calm surface” of the water throughout the race. As coaches and athletes tried new ways to swim breaststroke, the rule was changed in 1996 to allow some part of the head to break the surface during each cycle of one arm stroke and one leg kick.

The other big breaststroke change came in the kick. In about 1990, we began to see some Breaststroke swimmers use a butterfly kick on the starts, turns and sometimes throughout the race. Television showed this very clearly but it was difficult for the officials to see from the deck level. As a result, rule proposals were submitted to allow butterfly kicking in the breaststroke. All of the proposals failed when they were first submitted to the Congress. Four years later for the 2005 edition of the rules a single butterfly kick was allowed at the start. There have been several changes since that time to clarify the timing of the kick, etc. to the present version allowing a single butterfly kick during the first arm stroke at the start and each turn.



There was a time when there was no restriction on how far an athlete could be underwater. The 15-meter surface requirement came into the rule book for the 1991/1992 rules after some elite athletes were swimming the whole distance underwater. There were several factors in the decision. The audience could not really see the athletes, therefore, it was not very entertaining for the audience or for television viewers. Another reason was the potential danger for young swimmers who held their breath trying to emulate this style. 

Turns - Swimmers used to have to remain on the back until the touch of the wall for the turn. Most used the cross over turn that we often see in the medley. For the 1992 rule book, there was a proposal to allow the backstroke swimmer to turn to the breast to execute the turn. Most of the FINA TSC thought that the purpose was to eliminate the concern as to whether the swimmer actually brushed the wall as he/she turned. After the Congress passed the change, an international coach came to me and asked if I would bring some of the Technical Swimming Committee members to the pool to view turns that his swimmers were trying in anticipation of the rule change. Imagine the surprise when the swimmers turned to the breast quite far from the wall and were able to do a free style type flip turn, completely legally under the new rule. Over the 1992 – 2000 period of rule changes, the backstroke turn rule was adjusted several times to clarify the requirements of the turn.



The butterfly is the newest of the strokes recognized in our sport. It has probably had the fewest changes in the period 1980 to present. There have been changes to allow more latitude in the turn rules for example but no real changes to the stroke or kick. The 1998 rule book introduced the requirement to surface by 15 meters. 

Butterfly events made their entry to the Olympics in 1956 in Melbourne, Australia.



The only real change in freestyle, for obvious reasons, is the requirement to surface by 15 meters.

This appears for the first time in the 1998 FINA rules.


Individual Medley

There have been minimal changes to the Individual Medley over the years. There have been primarily wording changes to make clear that there are to be four different strokes in the event. Recent experiments with turns within the event may spark some change in the rule for the Congress in Budapest in 2017.



The new USA Swimming Official's Training Videos have just been released.

There are 6 videos in the series and you can view them at the link below:


USA Swimming Official's Training Videos


If you prefer, click on the following link to download the videos:


USA Swimming Official's Training Videos "DOWNLOAD"


These videos are a great way to review

all four strokes, relays, and individual medley!



Check back to your "Official's" page often as we will post additional beneficial resources including more training videos, upcoming Official's Clinics, along with many other topics.


Welcomimg back the "bubble" can mean only one thing.....the 2016-17 SC Season is here!

A huge thanks to all who helped officiate this past weekend’s BASH Invitational!  

With your efforts we were able to provide an exceptional meet experience to all competitors!!



Our next meet needing "all-hands-on-deck" is the PCY Winter lnvitational 1/6-8/2017 @ Miami.  Click on the link below for PCY Winter Invitational details:


PCY Winter Invitational 1/6-8/2017


Please email your session availability directly to Steve Connock (


Please find below our 2016-17 SC Season Schedule:

For those that are invloved with OHSAA (High School) and, or USA Swimming, for your convenience, their meet schedules are below:


USA Swimming 2016-17 SC Meets:




In follow up to the October 1, 2016 USA Swim Officials Clinic I attended, please find below a few USA Swimming Rules & Rules Interpretation topics reviewed that you may find beneficial:


New Rule for 102.24.4D Adjustment for Malfunction on a Lane

Click here for details


Definition of 202.2.9.I  Deck Changing 

Click here for details


Rule Interpretation for 102.8.1E  The Use of Tape

Click here for details


 FINA Rules Lochte's new underwater Technique Illegal in IM 

Click here for details


Rule Interpretation for 101.3 The Butterfly Kick



Rule: 101.3 Kick — All up and down movements of the legs and feet must be simultaneous. The posi­tion of the legs or the feet need not be on the same level, but they shall not alternate in rela­tion to each other. A scissors or breaststroke kicking movement is not permitted. 



Interpretation from USA swimming:



1.During the butterfly kick, the observation of the ankles crossing may or
may not indicate an alternating kick.



2. If both legs are moving in the same direction (both upward - or both
downward) and the ankles pass each other because of a difference in the
amplitude of the leg movement - that would not be an alternating kick and
there would be no disqualification.



3. An alternating kick requires that the legs move in opposite direction -
one upward while the other is moving downward.  If the ankles cross while
one leg is moving upward and the other downward - that would be an
alternating kick and that would be a violation.


Updated DQ Slips as of 9/13/2016

Click here to download



Spring’s in the air,  the “bubble” is off and the 2016 LC Season is underway! 


Now’s the time to check your Y Official Certification.  Need certification or re-certification??  The next SWOYSL YMCA Swim Officials Clinic is fast approaching…..May 18, 2016.


Click on the following link to learn more about the May 18, 2016 Officials Clinic:


May 18, 2016 SWOYSL YMCA Swim Officials Class


You must register by May 10, 2016.  


Click on the following link to register now:


May 18, 2016 SWOYSL YMCA Swim Officals Registration


Let me know if you should have any questions, or need any additional information.


Click on the link below to read a very creative Rhyme to help get us in shape as we fast approach the 2016 LC Meet Season:

A Stroke Briefing in Rhyme

By John C. Gagliardo

(With sincerest apologies to Dr. Seuss and real poets everywhere)



Effective May 1 2016, anyone working in meet manager using USA-S rules should be choosing the FINA rules for timing adjustments bottom right hand corner of set up screen

Click the following for an explanation:

Timing Adjustment Rule Change effective 5/1/2016



The PCY TIGERSHARKS OFFICIALS group trialled during the 2015 SC Season to communicate.  

You can click on the following link to see Wiggio: Wiggio

Upon evaluating Wiggio at the end of the 2016 Short Course season, we determined to suspend it's use due to numerous email related issues.


The PCY TIGERSHARKS OFFICIALS group will use "good old-fashion email"  to communicate along with this website.


Thanks to all that Officiated this past weekend’s PCY Winter Invitational ’16 Olympics!! 


Here’s a handy reference listing our remaining 2016 Short Course Season Meets with links to “Meet Details”:


CAC Winter Invitational

                                                        January 29, 2016 - January 31, 2016



Blue Ash YMCA Teddy Bear Splash

February 5, 2016 - February 7, 2016



OH SW Regional Meet

February 18, 2016 - February 21, 2016



PCY Championship Qualifying Meet 

February 23, 2016 - Estimated timeline: 5:00pm - 7:00pm



GMVY Yahoos Last Chance Meet

February 28, 2016 - Estimated timeline: 4:00pm - 7:00pm



CM Championship Qualifier Meet

March 1, 2016 - Estimated timeline: 4:30pm - 7:00pm



SWOYSL “A” Championships

March 4, 2016 - March 6, 2016



SWOYSL “AA” Championships

March 11, 2016 - March 13, 2016



Great Lakes YMCA Zone Championships

March 18, 2016 - March 20, 2016



YMCA Short Course Nationals

April 4, 2016 - April 8, 2016



YMCA Masters Nationals Championships

April 14, 2016 - April 17, 2016



Please accept this cordial invitation reminder to join us on deck for this year’s 

Blue Ash YMCA Teddy Bear Splash

February 5, 2016 - February 7, 2016



Please contact Rob Schramm (rschramm1@fuse.netdirectly if you are able to officiate.




Here's a rewarding Officiating opportunity.....  



I've officiated this event and found the experience to be second-to-none!


Para-Swimming Open May 6-May 8, 2016

TO:      LSC Officials
FROM:  John Loria, Referee, Para-Swimming Open 


For those of you who are not aware of this meet, the Cincinnati Para-Swimming Open (and it's predecessor the GTAC Disability Open) has been the first meet for more members of the U.S. Paralympic Team than any other development meet in this country.  This year's meet will be held May 6 through 8, 2016 at the University of Cincinnati Keating Aquatic Center in Cincinnati, OH. 

For a limited number of officials, who choose to become certified as US Paralympic officials, there will be course taught with class work done on Friday, May 6 and again first thing Saturday morning.  Meet sessions will be held Saturday, May 7 morning and late afternoon with one session Sunday morning.  There will also be a limited opportunity for an athlete and coach workshop that will be held on Thursday, May 5.

As this is a Paralympic Games year, we will see athletes from a number of countries other than just from the United States.  To give you an example, in 2012 we had athletes from 19 countries attend this meet.  This is due to the fact that many countries treat this as their Paralympic Trial meet since they do not run one of their own.  To volunteer for this meet brings a whole new level of awareness to those officials that have worked this meet in the past.

Thank you in advance for any consideration you can give to this request and if there are any questions, my contact information is listed below.

John Loria
2016 Cincinnati Para-Swimming Open
1-734-425-6778 Home
1-734-744-5150 Office
1-248-763-4909 Cell


2016 Sectional Meet fast approaching....

Speedo Sectional Meet March 31-April 3

TO:      LSC Officials


The Speedo Sectional Meet will be held on March 31-April 3, 2016 at Spire Institute in Geneva, OH.  Officials are needed in all positions.  Click on the link below to sign up to work the meet.   

The meet information is also included.

Pam Birnbrich

Officials Chair

Ohio Swimming

Sign up

  Meet Information 


Ohio Swimming Fund Raising......pass it on !!
























Together, we are Feeding Children Everywhere.



































Please pass along to athletes and families to help get the word out!!

On behalf of Ohio Swimming, the athlete committee would like to ask for your donations as we team up with Feeding Children Everywhere to host a Hunger Project.

Feeding Children Everywhere is a non-profit organization that mobilizes and empowers people to make a difference by giving healthy meals to hungry children. The USDA estimates that 16 million kids are hungry in the USA, and Feeding Children Everywhere wants to help solve that problem.

What is a Hunger Project?  A Hunger Project gives Ohio Swimming the chance to give back to the community by packaging meals for local food banks in Ohio.  We need YOUR donations to help us fund-raise money so that we can successfully host the Hunger Project on April 17th at the Mason Community Center, location of the Spring House of Delegates Meeting.

We also would love for all athletes to come to the Hunger Project to help package meals. This is a great opportunity for the swimmers of Ohio to come together, get to know each other and have fun while doing community service. Each dollar raised provides 4 meals that we will package.

We will also be selling t-shirts for $15 to also help raise the funds for the project.  You can order a t-shirt online or buy one at one of the upcoming swim meets.

Donation boxes will be available at some of the meets.  A link for private donations will also be available on the Ohio Swimming website.

Our goal is to raise at least $4000 to provide around 16,000 meals.  We need your help and your donations would be greatly appreciated.

On behalf of the athletes of Ohio Swimming:  THANK YOU!

Swimmingly yours,

Rina & Jessica

Ohio Swimming Athlete Representatives 


Feeding Children Everywhere's Lentil Casserole is made up of 50% lentils, 30% rice, 15% dehydrated vegetables, and 5% pink himalayan salt 


The Meal:

Feeding Children Everywhere has a commitment to those served - to provide the healthiest meal possible for children and families around the world. The organization works directly with a nutritionist to put together the ingredients for their famous lentil casserole.

The meal is all-natural with NO ARTIFICIAL flavorings or vitamin mix. The meal is also a sustainable addition to the daily diet. With natural ingredients, there is no concern about eating the lentil casserole each and every day.

T-Shirt Sales:

T-shirts will be sold for $15 to help raise funds for the Hunger Project.  T-shirts will be available at the following meets:  

  • TYR Feb meet

  • All Regional meet sites

  • JOs

  • Senior Circuit Meet

Or they may be ordered online (and shipped to your home).  Link for ordering is on the Ohio Swimming website or click here






























Southwest Ohio YMCA Swim League




Championships Meet Information - Please Read

We are approaching Championship season!  Meet packets for “A “ and “AA” meets are finalized and posted.  Please read the following information carefully to help the meets run smoothly.

“A” Champs will be held on March 4, 5 and 6 at three sites – ME Lyons, Countryside and Trotwood.  CY will not run a Friday evening session.  The “central teams” will be divided between north and south for that evening; CY, LAKY and GMVY will compete at ME Lyons Friday night.

As we did last year, the Saturday and Sunday sessions for the 11 & Older swimmers will be run as prelim-final. The finals will be hosted at one site, PCY, both Saturday and Sunday evenings.  By the way, Friday night events are all timed finals.  8 & Under and 9-10 events are all timed finals.  The scratch procedure for finals will be explained at each prelim site.  The meet directors for each prelim site will send out worker assignments soon and I will send out assignments for finals.

“AA” champs will be held on March 11, 12 and 13 at Miami University.  The format will be similar to last year.  I will send out worker assignments soon, along with an invitation for officials.

Here are two other important items:

  • If you anticipate, for either As or AAs, a significantly smaller or larger number of entries, let me know immediately because it may affect timelines at sites and worker assignments.

  • You will see a statement in the meet packet provided to us by Y National.  Coach certification procedures will be enforced so if your name does not appear on the approved list, you will be denied access to the deck and will have to remain in the stands.

We’re working hard to make this a great champs season for all!


Jon Saxton

Champs Meet Director



Please find quick-links to these Championship meets below:




 SWOYSL 'A’ Championships  

Meet Packet quick link:


SWOYSL 'AA’ Championships 

Meet Packet quick link:






Below please find the application to officiate at the US Masters Swimming Spring National Championship in Greensboro at the end of April. Please share this with the officials in your LSC. Applications should be submitted to Tom Cox at the address on the form. Deadline for assigned team is March 14 and April 1 for all others.


Gina Mensay

Member Services Program Manager

USA Swimming








APRIL 16, 2016:  Ohio Swimming Recognition Banquet (Mason, OH)
APRIL 17, 2016:  OSI House of Delegates Meeting (Mason Community Center)

  • General HOD Meeting 1:00 pm

  • Tentative Workshops in the morning prior to the General Meeting:

    • Officials workshop

    • Meet Director workshop

    • Meet Operations workshop

    • Club registration chairs workshop

    • Club Board Member Roundtable

    • Coach Panel Discussion

    • Club Leadership Business Management School (CLBMS)