Dives and Judging

Dives and Judging


Parts of the dive

There are 5 parts of the dive that will be judged starting as soon as you get on the board.  Dive scores start at 0 and go up to 10.

  1. Approach
  2. Hurdle and arm swing
  3. Take off/ Height / Distance from board
  4. Performance of die in the air
  5. Entry into the water



Each judge scores a dive between zero and 10 points, in half-point increments.  Scores are defined as follows:

10: Excellent
8½-9½: Very good
7-8: Good
5-6½: Satisfactory
2½-4½: Deficient
½-2: Unsatisfactory
0: Completely failed

Judges evaluate the following parts of a dive to determine an overall score:

Approach: Three or more steps forward to the end of the board before the hurdle and takeoff. Should be smooth but forceful, showing good form.

Takeoff: A diver’s lift from the board prior to execution of the dive. Must show control and balance, plus the proper angle of landing and leaving for the particular dive being attempted.

Elevation: The amount of spring or lift a diver receives from the takeoff greatly affects the appearance of the dive. Since more height means more time, a higher dive generally affords greater accuracy and smoothness of movement.

Execution: The dive itself. Form: A judge watches for proper mechanical performance, technique, form, and grace.

Entry: The entry into the water is significant because it’s the last thing the judge sees. Judges favor a graceful, vertical entry along with a minimal amount of splash.

A diver’s overall score for an individual dive is calculated in the following way:
1. Each of the seven judges awards a score to a diver for his or her dive. (Ex: 6-5-5-5-5-5-4)
2. The two highest and two lowest scores are eliminated. (Ex: 6 and 4 and two of the 5s are eliminated.
3. The remaining scores are totaled. (Ex: 5 + 5 + 5 = 15)
4. This total (15) is then multiplied by the predetermined degree of difficulty rating associated with the particular dive performed to calculate the overall score. These degree of difficulty ratings range from 1.2 to 4.1, in one-tenth increments. (Ex: 15 × 2.0 = 30)


Dive Number

Each dive has a specific number to identify it.  The dive has 4 numbers followed by a letter.

  • The first number indicates the dive group
    1 = Forward
    2 = Back
    3 = Reverse
    4 = Inward
    5 = Twisting dive

  • Second number will depend on the dive.  In front, back, reverse, and inward dives, a ‘1’ as the second digit indicates a flying action. A ‘0’ indicates none. In twisting and armstand dives, the second digit indicates the dive’s group (forward, back, reverse).
  • The third number indicates the number of half somersaults
    0 = Jump

    1 = Dive
    2 = 1 Somersault

    3 = 1 1/2 Somersault
    4 = Double Somersault
    5 = 2 1/2 Somersault

  • The fourth number in a twisting dive represents the number of 1/2 twists
  • Numbers are followed by letters which represent the position of the dive
    A = Straight
    B = Pike
    C = Tuck
    D = Free

107B = Forward dive with 3 1/2 somersaults in a pike position
305C = Reverse dive with 2 1/2 somersaults in a tuck position
5253B = Back dive with 2 1/2 somersaults and 1 1/2 twists in a pike position