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Glossary of Terms

 

Age Group Swimming: The program through which USA Swimming provides fair and open competition for its younger members. It is designed to encourage maximum participation, provide an educational experience, enhance physical and mental conditioning, and develop a rich base of swimming talent. Age groups are 8 and under, 9-10, 11-12, 13-14, 15-18. We also a fun 19&over age group for our returning college age swimmers. This last age group is not eligible for awards at the State Meet.

Anchor: The last swimmer in a relay.  

Approved Meet: A swim meet conducted with enough USA Swimming officials to certify   conformance to USA Swimming rules.

Backstroke: This is one of the four competitive racing strokes and is the 2nd step in the Individual Medley. It is any style of swimming performed while on your back.

Block: The starting platform.

  
Breaststroke: One of the four competitive racing strokes and is the 3rd step in the Individual Medley. It requires simultaneous movements of the arms on the same horizontal plane.

Butterfly: One of the four competitive racing strokes and is the 1st step in the Individual Medley. The butterfly features the simultaneous overhead stroke of the arms combined with the dolphin kick.

CSI: Colorado Swimming Inc. This is our Local Swimming Committee (LSC). The headquarter are located in Pueblo.
 

Cap: The latex covering worn on the head of a swimmer. The cap may contain team colors and logos. Each team member receives a free latex cap. Silicone caps are available for sale.

Carbohydrates: The primary source of food energy used by athletes

Check-In: A required procedure in which a swimmer must place their name on a list before they can swim in an event. This is done in our league only for long distance events i.e. the 400M/500Y or the mile swim.

Circle Swimming: Performed by staying to the right of the black line when swimming in a lane to enable more swimmers to swim in each lane.
  
Coach:
A person who trains and teaches athletes in the sport of swimming.

Code of Conduct:
An agreement signed by a swimmer prior to travel stating that the swimmer will abide by certain behavioral guidelines.

Cut
: Slang for qualifying time, a time standard necessary to attend a particular meet or event.

Deck: The area around a swimming pool reserved for swimmers, officials, and coaches. Only "authorized" USA Swimming members may be on the deck during a swim competition.

Distance: Term used to refer to events over 400 meters/500 yards.

DQ'ed
:
Disqualified. This occurs when a swimmer has committed an infraction of some kind; e.g., freestyle kick in butterfly. A disqualified swimmer is not eligible to receive awards, nor can the time be used as an official time.

Drill:
An exercise involving a portion or part of a stroke, used to improve technique.

Dry Land Training: Training done out of the water that aids and enhances swimming performance; usually includes stretching, calisthenics and/or weight training.

Dual Meet: a meet between two teams. Refer to the FAQ's under "membership" for details.

Entry Fee: The cost per event a swimmer or relay is charged. This varies depending on the type of meet, but in general, all of our dual meets are free.

Event: Any race or series of races in a given stroke or distance.

False Start: Occurs when a swimmer is moving at the start. In USS, one false start will result in disqualification.

Flags:
Backstroke flags placed 5 yards or 5 meters from the end of the pool.

Freestyle: One of the four competitive racing strokes and is the 4th step in the Individual Medley. In the freestyle, the competitor may swim any stroke they wish. The usual stroke used is the Australian Crawl.

.Heats: When an event is split-up because there are too many swimmers to compete at the same time. The results are compiled by swimmer time after all heats in the event are completed.

Heat Sheets: The swim meet program that includes information such as the name of the events, heats, lanes, swimmers, and seed times.

IM: Slang for Individual Medley, an event in which the swimmer uses all four strokes in the following order: Butterfly, Backstroke, Breaststroke, Freestyle. Many swimmers use this saying to remember the order, “Butter your Back and your Breast will be Free”.

Lane: The specific area in which the swimmer is assigned to swim, i.e., lane 1, lane 2, etc.

Lap Counter: A set of plastic display numbers used to keep track of laps during a distance race. (Also, the person who counts for the swimmer, stationed at the opposite end of from the start.)

Leg: The part of a relay event that is swum by a single team member.

Long course: A 50-meter pool. The only long course pool in Colorado Springs that we might swim is at the Olympic Training Center.

LSC (Local Swimming Committee) An administrative division of the National Governing Body (USA Swimming) with the supervisory responsibilities within certain geographic boundaries designated by USA Swimming.

Medley Relay: A group of four swimmers each swimming different strokes in an event, the order of the strokes are as follows: Backstroke, Breaststroke, Butterfly, and Freestyle.

Meet: Competition designed to be a learning experience. By implementing what has been learned in practice, the swimmer tests himself against the clock to see how he is improving.

No Time (NT): Seed time is entered as "No Time" if a swimmer has never swum an event before.

Official: A judge on the deck of the pool at a sanctioned competition who enforces USA Swimming rules. There are stroke and turn judges, administrative officials, starters, and referees.

Pickle: This is the responsibility of the timer. It is a manual time stop device which records a back-up time in case the touch pad malfunctions.

PPSL:  Pikes Peak Swim League is our local league made up of 6 summer season teams.

Pace Clock: A highly visible clock positioned around the sides of a swimming pool so that swimmers can read their times while swimming. Use for training purposes.

Pentathlon: A meet in which each swimmer must swim all five strokes (free,breast,back and fly). Based on the finish time, the  swimmer receives points for each event swum, and will be rewarded at the end of the meet based on the highest number of points. If a swimmer DQ's an event, the finish time is recorded, and 10% is added to the time, but the swimmer is still eligible for an award.

Relay: An event in which four swimmers compete together as a team to achieve one time.

Sanctioned Meet: A meet that is approved by the LSC in which it is held and is conducted according to USA Swimming rules. All of our meets are sanctioned with USA Swimming.

Seeding: Swimmers are arranged in heats in events according to submitted times and heat sheets are prepared prior to the day of competition.

Short course: A 25 yard or 25 meter pool. Most of our meets are held in 25yard pools. CSRC is a 25Meter pool

Sprint:
In training, to swim as fast as possible for a short distance.

State Meet: The last meet of the season scheduled the first weekend of August. Qualifying times are required to enter. Summer club teams from across the state attend this big three day meet. This meet is held at summer club pools across the state. Refer to the calendar or event/meets for this year's location.

Starting blocks: Platforms from which the swimmer enters the water at the beginning of an event.

Streamline: The position used to gain maximum distance during a start and/or push off from the wall in which the swimmer's body is as tight as it can be.

Timers: Volunteers who time swimmers in a specific lane during a swim meet.

Touch pad: A large sensitive board at the end of each lane where a swimmer's touch is registered and sent electronically to the timing system. Used in championship meets, not often used in dual meets.

Unattached: An athlete who competes but does not represent a club.

Unofficial Time: The time displayed on a read out board or read over the intercom before it has been validated to be official.

Warm down: Low-intensity swimming used by a swimmer after a race or main practice set to rid the body of excess lactic acid, and to gradually reduce heart rate and respiration.

Warm-up :
Low intensity swimming used by swimmers prior to a main practice set or race to get muscles loose and warm and gradually increase heart rate and respiration.

Q-Time: Qualifying time necessary to compete in a particular event and/or competition. A “cut”.