Team Handbook

Table of Contents

Click on a section title to be taken to that section of the document.


Piranhas Families


The Elk Grove Piranhas Swim Team Volunteer Board welcomes everyone to the new swim season. We have put together this booklet to provide as much information for our swimmers and families as possible. Please refer to it with questions throughout the season.

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Piranhas Board and Coaching Staff


For information about our Coaching Staff and Board Members, including contact information, please link to the Positions & Contact page of the "Coaches & Board" section of the website.

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Season Schedule


Please link to the Calendar page for a list of Piranhas swim meets and events along with scheduling details, event locations, descriptions, and pertinent links.

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Key Meet Personnel


Meet Director
Responsible for overseeing the meet, as well as making sure each person does their job.
Meet Referee
Acts as a decision maker in disputes over placing, disqualifications, and any other problems that may arise. Responsible for signing all DQ slips.
Deck Marshall
Patrols the competition pool and surrounding areas to ensure that no swimmers or other individuals are violating meet or team rules, or otherwise engaging in inappropriate conduct.
Head Starter
The home team provides the individual for starting the races. This job requires that you attend a short training class put on by the league.
Stroke & Turn Referees
These individuals are on the pool deck during the meet to watch that strokes are done properly. This job requires that you attend a training class of approximately 2 hours put on by the league.
Head Ribbon Writer
Coordinates ribbon writers for both home and away meets. Keeps inventory of ribbons on hand at end of season or in February when ribbons are ordered from the League. Ribbon writing consists of placing printed labels onto the back of a place ribbon and filing the ribbon into the swimmers file.
Head Timer
Coordinates and schedules all timers for home and away meets. Ten to fifteen parents are needed for each meet to time the swimmers in their events, more for Championships.
Head Computer
Prior to the meet, sets up swimmers into the computer to swim events as per head coach. Works closely with computer people from hosting teams. Two people are needed for every home meet to enter DQs, post results, run and print reports and labels.
Clerk of the Course
Using the Meet Program, verifies names and lane assignments of swimmers as they approach the starting blocks.
Announces the swimmers and lanes during their events, calls for swimmers to the ready bench and any other announcements or paging needed during the meet.
Facility Monitor
Monitors recreation pools to keep all swim team participants and family members out of them. Without this monitoring, there is a possibility of losing our privileges at the Aquatic Center.

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Special Event Descriptions


Time Trials
The first "meet" of the season. A run-through of a full meet with Piranhas swimmers only to practice procedures and establish base race times for swimmers and coaches.
Boy/Girl Meet
Who is better, the Boys or the Girls? A fun filled event that has the team split into the Boys vs. the Girls swimming a variety of crazy and fun relay races. "Points" are awarded to the heat winners of each event, and the winner will be announced the following week.
An annual family and friends fundraiser. Prior to the event families sell tickets and collect donations for a silent auction, and each age group makes a gift basket for a raffle. Event night is a fun, relaxing evening for familiy and friends including a catered dinner, silent auction, and raffle.
An annual swimmers fundraiser. Swimmers collect pledges prior to the event, either per lap or straight donation. Event night is a fun evening including activities for the kids and the lap swim, where swimmers complete as many laps as they can in a set amount of time while lap counters keep track. Following the event, swimmers collect their pledges and turn them in for prizes.
Fireworks Booth
One of our biggest annual fundraisers. Parent's staff a Fireworks booth for the week preceding and including Independence Day.
A sports photographer comes out to the pool and takes individual pictures of your swimmer(s), and then a team picture is taken. Team suits are worn, and typically practice is not held that evening. Parents can order pictures offered in several different packages and items. Packets are usually available the week prior to Picture Day.
Awards Night
All swimmers will receive a trophy. Championship medals and special awards are also presented. The traditional Piranha Video, capturing all the wonderful swimmers and moments during the swim year, ends the evening.

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Parent Volunteers


The success of the Elk Grove Piranhas Swim Team is fundamentally dependent upon each family's participation. It literally takes thousands of hours to manage the Team and its many activities before, during and after the season. Because we are a nonprofit organization, we are completely dependent upon the support and volunteerism of our families. These volunteers keep the season running smoothly for our swimmers. Thank you for your dedicated work.

Each family is required to volunteer for twenty (20) hours during the regular swim season and for two (2) shifts at Champs (provided the family attends).

The penalty for not completing the required hours is $30.00 per missing hour. This financial penalty will be assessed at registration for the next swim season. Every attending family at Champs or Meet of Champs is required to work 2 shifts. Failure to do so will result in a $50.00 fine added to the next registration period.

It is the family's responsibility to check that their hours are being tracked accurately and that they complete their required hours on the team website.

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Regular and prompt attendance is very important to each swimmer and for the team. A swimmer who does not attend practice is not going to swim his/her best at meets. A swimmer who is not available at meets, deprives the team of his/her contributions and may also deprive other swimmers of the opportunity to swim. It is the policy of the Elk Grove Swim Team that to be eligible to swim in a meet, the swimmer must attend a minimum of 3 practices the week prior. (The coach may use this criteria in determining how many events a child may swim).

Parents and Guardians are asked to refrain from talking with coaches during practices. This is a distraction to both coaches and swimmers and could result in safety issues. Parents and Guardians are to remain outside the deck area until practice is finished. The best way to communicate with the coach is either by e-mail, phone call, or between practice sessions.

Swimmers are seeded into meet events two to three days prior to the swim meet. There is a coordinated effort between both teams coaches and the head computer person to get all swimmers into as many events as allowed. Many pools have time restrictions and/or have large enrollment is some age groups. This may affect the number of events a swimmer is scheduled to swim. The maximum number of individual events per meet is 3. The maximum number of relay events per swimmer is 2.

If you will be unable to participate in a meet, it is requested that you sign the Miss-a-Meet Binder at least 10 days prior to the meet. This binder is available at regular swimming practices. Writing your swimmer's name on the appropriate meet page will ensure that he/she does not get seeded into any events for that meet.

It is recognized that swimmers will occasionally be forced to cancel attendance at meets due to illness or other unforeseen situations; however, please limit last-minute cancellations to emergencies only. When a swimmer notifies the team within hours of the meet, it is often too late to schedule a substitute swimmer and the team is forced to leave a lane open or scratch a relay team. A no-show at the meet will cause a scratch and may have a domino effect. At a minimum, you MUST notify the Team Parent for the swimmer's age group.

Promptness is also important to the team's ability to perform well at meets. Swimmers who do not check in on time may be scratched from the entire meet. Again, this may have a domino effect on other swimmers.

Failure to follow the above policy concerning missing a meet will result in the swimmer not being allowed to swim in the next two swim meets.

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Swimsuits, Caps, and Clothing


Swimmers are encouraged to wear team suits and team caps for meets, although they are not required. Team suit information will be posted each year on the Piranhas website. Team Parkas may also be available for purchase, usually at one of the parent events prior to the start of the season. Sweatshirts, sweatpants, t-shirts, and ball caps, along with goggles and swim caps are available at the Piranhas Booth during all home meets and events and some swim practices.

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Code of Ethics


For over 50 years, the Elk Grove Piranhas Swim Team has been dedicated to the promotion of youth recreational swimming. The success of the team is not only measured by the number of wins and losses during the season, but more importantly, by the personal physical and emotional growth of each swimmer and the enjoyment provided for the entire family. The Team strives to provide the environment in which each swimmer can improve his/her performance through the season and above all else, to have fun and learn the importance of good sportsmanship. In many respects, the entire Team is a "family" since we work and play together for four months, or more, during a year.

To help achieve these goals, we ask that you and your swimmers understand and agree to the following Code of Ethics.


Regardless of race, sex, creed, or ability, you agree to:

  • Treat the Coaches and their assistants with respect and follow their directions.
  • Treat swim meet workers, officials, other team swimmers and families with respect.
  • Treat the pool facilities with care and respect.
  • Treat competitors from other teams with respect and congratulate them after each race, win or lose.
  • Strive to always give your best, whether at practices or at swim meets.


  • Encourage good sportsmanship by demonstrating positive support for all swimmers, coaches, and officials during practices and swim meets.
  • Place the emotional and physical well-being of your child ahead of YOUR personal desire to win.
  • Demand a sports environment that is free from drugs, tobacco and alcohol and refrain from their use at sports events.
  • Remember that the sport is for the youth, not adults.
  • Encourage your child to treat other swimmers, coaches, families and officials with respect regardless of race, sex, creed or ability.
  • Encourage your child to fulfill his/her team obligations by routinely attending practices and, if possible, attending all swim meets.

In addition, swimmers and their parents are responsible for maintaining a COOPERATIVE AND POSITIVE attitude at all practices, meets and swimming events.

Coaching Staff

The coaches shall provide examples of leadership and sportsmanship to the Elk Grove Swim Team and attempt to foster these qualities in the team members. They will also:

  • Understand and accept the philosophy of the Elk Grove Swim Team. Elk Grove is a competitive, recreational swim team, and all swimmers should have fun and a desire to improve.
  • Provide active supervision and maintain an atmosphere at all practices conducive to a good instructional program.
  • Familiarize themselves with the swimmers and their abilities.
  • Provide refined instruction in all aspects of competitive swimming, ie. starts, turns and stroke improvement. (Parents, please note: Coaching should NOT be viewed as an alternative to swim lessons.)
  • Operate under the rules of The Elk Grove Swim Team, The Northern California Swim League and The Community Services District (CSD).
  • Coordinate with other dual meet coaches in meet set up.
  • Prepare and deliver all dual meet set up sheets in a timely manner.

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Dual Swim Meets


Prior to Scheduled Meet

Swimmers are placed into meet events by the Head Coach. This process begins the Monday prior to the swim meet and is a coordinated effort between both participating teams. Swimmers are seeded into their events by the Friday prior to the meet. All meet check in sheets are prepared from this seeding process.

Meet Day

Check-In is promptly at 6:30 am. (Earlier check in times may be announced prior to a meet, i.e. Championships). Swimmers must check in at the Team Check-In table and then with his/her Team Parent. Check-In closes promptly at 7:15 am. After 7:15 am, the coach will start scratching swimmers and replacing them with swimmers in attendance. Team Parents will receive their Check In/Event sheets after all scratches have been made. It is the swimmer's/parent's responsibility to check with their Team Parent for event assignments. The Team Parent may want to devise their own list of swimmer names to use as a check in prior to receiving the Event sheets.

Team warm ups usually start at 7:00 with the HOME team going first and VISITING team going last. Warms ups are by age group. The age groups will be called to the pool by the announcer or the coach.

Starting time for Dual Meets is 8:30 am. Most teams make all scratches directly onto the computer and then print all meet programs and lane sheets at pool side. It is because of this that the scratch process begins early. A delay in the scratch process means a delay in the meet start time.

It is wise to bring some kind of shade canopy or umbrella to the swim meets. At HOME meets, a shaded team area will be provided. A designated team area is provided at all AWAY meets, but the area and facilities will vary. Be prepared for wet grass, hot cement, shade trees or direct sun light.

Swimmers should have at least two towels, sun screen, water, a sleeping bag to rest on, a dry pair of clothes to wear after the meet, snacks and/or lunches, and some sort of foot protection for walking to and from the ready bench area. Most teams provide a Snack Bar. The Aquatic Center runs a snack bar at all our home meets.

Swimmers must remain in the designated team area. They must also be alert as to which events are in progress so they can be ready when their event is called. The Team Parent will help the younger swimmers to get to the ready bench at the proper time. Swimmers should go to the ready bench when the announcer calls their event. After their event, they should return to the team area. Be prepared to stay with or in the vicinity of your Team Parent. If you stay away from your group, make sure you check in with your Team Parent on a regular basis. If there are any further changes to the events, the Team Parent will be notified and the Team Parent will advise the swimmer/parent of the change. All swimmers should remain through the meet and participate in supporting their teammates. Leaving early may leave a relay team short a swimmer, causing the entire team to be scratched.

When meets start on time, most meets end between 12:30 and 2:00 pm.

Occasionally, we will have afternoon or evening meets. Since schedules vary for these meets, please check the website for details such as check-in times, warm-ups, etc.


All recognized relay races involve four swimmers on each team. The most common relays are the Medley and the Freestyle. In the Medley, each of the four swimmers swim an equal distance in a different stoke. The first swims Backstroke; the second, Breaststroke; the third, Butterfly; and the fourth,Freestyle. A relay team will be disqualified if a swimmer leaves the starting block (deck) before the preceding swimmer has touched the wall or if any swimmer violates the rules governing that stroke.

Individual Races

There are five categories of individual races (strokes). Freestyle (Free), Backstroke (Back), Breaststroke (Breast), Butterfly (Fly) and Individual Medley (IM). The IM consists of equal lengths of each of the fours stokes to be swum in the following order: Fly, Back, Breast, and Free.

In the 6 & under age group, swimmers participate in Freestyle, Backstroke and a Coed Freestyle Relay. In the 7/8 age group, the IM is not swum. The other age groups swim all of the events.

Order of Events

Event # Age Group Event Name   Event # Age Group Event Name
1 (Coed) 6 & under 100 Free Relay   Girls Boys    
Girls Boys       42 43 15-18 100 Back
2 3 7/8 100 Medley Relay   44 45 7/8 50 Free (Long)
4 5 9/10 100 Medley Relay   46 47 9/10 50 Free
6 7 11/12 200 Medley Relay   48 49 11/12 100 Free
8 9 13/14 200 Medley Relay   50 51 13/14 100 Free
10 11 15-18 200 Medley Relay   52 53 15-18 100 Free
12 13 9/10 100 IM   54 55 7/8 25 Breast
14 15 11/12 100 IM   56 57 9/10 25 Breast
16 17 13/14 100 IM   58 59 11/12 50 Breast
18 19 15-18 100 IM   60 61 13/14 50 Breast
20 21 6 & under 25 Free (Short)   62 63 15-18 100 Breast
22 23 7/8 25 Free   64 65 7/8 25 Fly
24 25 9/10 25 Free   66 67 9/10 25 Fly
26 27 11/12 50 Free   68 69 11/12 50 Fly
28 29 13/14 50 Free   70 71 13/14 50 Fly
30 31 15-18 50 Free   72 73 15-18 50 Fly
32 33 6 & under 25 Back   74 75 7/8 100 Free Relay
34 35 7/8 25 Back   76 77 9/10 100 Free Relay
36 37 9/10 25 Back   78 79 11/12 200 Free Relay
38 39 11/12 50 Back   80 81 13/14 200 Free Relay
40 41 13/14 50 Back   82 83 15-18 200 Free Relay

Even event numbers are events for Girls, and odd event numbers are for Boys, with the exception of event # 1 which is Coed. We run the Medley Relays, Individual Medleys (IM), Short Free, and Back as the first half (or first shift). The Long Free, Breast, Butterfly and Free Relays are considered the second half (or second shift). Shift volunteers will either report at the start of the meet or at the end of the Backstroke.

Younger age groups go first, starting with the girls of that age group, then the boys. 6 & Under (6&U) swimmers only swim the 25 yard Free and the 25 Yard Back. After they have swum the Backstroke, these swimmers are free to go home from the meet.

7/8 and 9/10 swimmers swim 25 yard lengths with a 50 yard Long Free. 11/12 and 13/14 year old swimmers swim 50 yard lengths with one 100 yard Long Free. 15 thru 18 year olds swim 100 yard lengths with the exception of the Short Free and Butterfly which are 50 yards.

Ribbons/Dual Meet Season

Place ribbons are issued to every swimmer based on how he/she places in a heat. Only first heat swimmers earn points toward the total Team Points. Points are awarded as follows: 1st = 5 points; 2nd = 3 points; 3rd = 2 points; 4th = 1 point. 1st place relay teams earn 7 points. Points are only awarded to the first place relay team.

The home team is responsible for furnishing the ribbons for each swimmer. Swimmers and parents should not go to the scoring table during the meet for ribbons. However, after the meet is over, if the Head Ribbon Writer is still available, you may be permitted to get your ribbons. Otherwise, the ribbons are usually available at the next few practices.

Ribbons are best picked up at the first couple of practices after a meet. A "ribbon box" will be set up with a folder marked with the last name of every swimmer (family). The ribbons will be placed in this folder along with any important information regarding your swimmer or the swim season. It is a good idea to get in the habit of checking this folder on a regular basis.


Swimmers that are disqualified (DQ'd?) during their races (events) will not receive a ribbon. In the past the Piranha swim team has not officially DQ'd swimmers 8 and under. While they received a DQ slip as an instructional tool, they still received a ribbon. In 2006 the League voted to have all swimmers, regardless of age, DQ'd and no ribbon awarded.

It is the thought of the League that all swimmers need to learn the correct way to swim in their events and not be rewarded with a place ribbon. These younger age swimmers will be DQ'd at Championships and only the Heat Winner will receive a ribbon. This procedure will be a tool for us to help gear our swimmers for Championships. The swimmer will receive a copy of the DQ slip and it is encouraged that the swimmer talk to the coach at the first practice after the meet regarding his/her DQ. This will ensure that the swimmer understands why he/she was DQ'd and will allow the coach some time with the swimmer for instruction.

Disputing Disqualifications

The proper procedure to dispute your swimmer's DQ is to go through the coach. If you believe the DQ is in error and would like it removed, you MUST take care of it during the dual meet. Please see the Team Coach with your concern. The coach is then responsible to pursue the disagreement with the Meet Referee.

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The Northern California Swim League conducts a championship meet for each Conference at the conclusion of the swim season. The Piranhas are in the Comstock Conference along with 4 other teams. Conference meets are indicated on the annual schedule. Everyone on our team is welcome to participate. To qualify for participation at Championships, a swimmer must swim in at least two conference meets. The board member in charge of records keeps track of all swimmers to make sure everyone meets this league requirement.

The Northern California Swim League charges our team to participate in the League. At some point you may hear about "entry fees", however, these fees are paid by our team and are part of the Team Fee you paid at Registration.

Swimmers and parents should maintain an atmosphere conducive to recreation and good sportsmanship. Inappropriate behavior on the part of a swimmer or spectator may be grounds for removal from the meet.

Qualifying Times

Qualifying times are rarely used. Check the Piranha Press for any qualifying times required for swimming events at Championships.

Individual Events and Relays

Championship meets last for two days (Saturday and Sunday) from approximately 8:00 am to 5:00 pm with check in at 6:30 a.m. on both days. These times are estimates; however, do plan on being there for the better part of the weekend. Prior to the Championship Meet, we will provide updated information regarding the schedule. The Order Of Events is different for the Championship Meet.

Saturday Events start with the Preliminaries for IM, Short Free, and Back. There is a short break and then Finals for IM, Free, Back, and Medley Relays are run.

Sunday Events start with Preliminaries for the Long Free and continue with Prelims for Breast and Fly. After a short break the Finals for Long Free, Breast, Fly and Free Relays are held.

Events for 6 & Unders are on Saturday only. Once you have determined that your swimmer is NOT in the Final Relay, you are free to leave.

Participation in the Relays at Championships is determined by the Coach on the day of the event. Swimmers/Parents will be notified by the Coach, Team Parent or Board Member if your swimmer will be scheduled in a relay event. Please do not leave the meet without checking with the coach, Team Parent or League Rep to verify your swimmer is or is not in a Finals Relay. A missing swimmer will cause a relay team to scratch and forfeit any chance for Team points or individual medals.

Championship Programs will be available (for a price). The program will list the events along with the swimmers names, heat and lane assignment and seeding time. Championships T-shirts, sweatshirts and other clothing, caps etc. are usually available (also for $).

Depending on the number of lanes used at Championships, finalists can be the swimmers with the top 8-10 best preliminary times. Typically two alternates are selected in case a finalist is unable to swim or does not show. If you are a finalist or alternate, you must remain at the meet and report to the ready area for finals in order to compete. If a swimmer has made the finalist list and does not swim in the Finals Race, he/she will be scratched from the remainder of the Finals for that day.

Work Schedule

Just as in a dual meet, the Championship Meet takes an incredible amount of time and effort on the part of the parents. Each team in the League is responsible for several major job functions, such as organizing the food concessions, meet set up etc. As you can see, these are major duties. We, on behalf of the Elk Grove Swim Team Board, ask all of our parents to actively participate in the Championship Meet requirements. You will be asked to sign up for certain jobs, usually one that you participated in during the dual meet season, such as timing , lane writing, or stroke and turn.


Participant ribbons or pins will be awarded to each swimmer who participates in Championships. Place ribbons, as given out at dual meets, are not given at Championships. A Blue "HEAT WINNER" ribbon will be awarded to all swimmers placing first in their heat. Swimmers in the Finals events (including relays) will received a Place Medal. Usually, only the top 8 or 10 Relay teams will place, earning medals. This is determined on the number of lanes used and the number of relay teams participating in the relay events.


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The forward start shall be used.
After the start and after each turn when the swimmer leaves the wall, the body shall be kept on the breast. It is not permitted to roll onto the back at any time. Throughout the race the stroke cycle must be one arm stroke and one leg kick in that order.
All movements of the arms shall be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane without alternating movement.
The hands shall be pushed forward together from the breast on, under, or over the water. The elbows shall be under water except for the final stroke before the turn, during the turn and for the final stroke at the finish. The hands shall be brought back on or under the surface of the water. The hands shall not be brought back beyond the hip line, except during the first stroke after the start and each turn.
During each complete cycle, some part of the swimmer's head shall break the surface of the water. After the start and after each turn, the swimmer may take one arm stroke completely back to the legs. The head must break the surface of the water before the hands turn inward at the widest part of the second stroke.
After the start and each turn, a single butterfly kick, which must be followed by a breaststroke kick, is permitted during or at the completion of the first arm pull. Following this, all movements of the legs shall be simultaneous and in the same horizontal plane without alternating movement.
The feet must be turned outwards during the propulsive part of the kick. A scissors, alternating or downward butterfly kick is not permitted except as provided herein. Breaking the surface of the water with the feet is allowed unless followed by a downward butterfly kick.
Turns and Finish
At each turn and at the finish of the race, the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above, or below the water level. The head may be submerged after the last arm pull prior to the touch, provided it breaks the surface of the water at some point during the last complete or incomplete cycle preceding the touch.


The forward start shall be used.
After the start and after each turn, the swimmer's shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the breast. The swimmer is permitted one or more leg kicks, but only one arm pull under water, which must bring the swimmer to the surface. It shall be permissible for a swimmer to be completely submerged for a distance of not more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the start and after each turn. By that point, the head must have broken the surface. The swimmer must remain on the surface until the next turn or finish. From the beginning of the first arm pull, the body shall be kept on the breast. Both arms must be brought forward over the water and pulled back simultaneously.
All up and down movements of the legs and feet must be simultaneous. The position of the legs or the feet need not be on the same level, but they shall not alternate in relation to each other. A scissors or breaststroke kicking movement is not permitted.
At each turn the body shall be on the breast. The touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface. Once a touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner desired. The shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall.
At the finish, the body shall be on the breast and the touch shall be made with both hands simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface.


The swimmers shall line up in the water facing the starting end, with both hands placed on the gutter or on the starting grips. Standing in or on the gutter, placing the toes above the lip of the gutter, or bending the toes over the lip of the gutter, before or after the start, is prohibited.
The swimmer shall push off on his back and continue swimming on the back throughout the race. Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it is permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn, at the finish and for a distance of not more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the start and after each turn. By that point, the head must have broken the surface of the water.
Upon completion of each length, some part of the swimmer must touch the wall. During the turn the shoulders may be turned past the vertical toward the breast after which a continuous single arm pull or a continuous simultaneous double arm pull may be used to initiate the turn. The swimmer must have returned to a position on the back upon leaving the wall.
Upon the finish of the race, the swimmer must touch the wall while on the back.


The forward start shall be used.
In an event designated freestyle, the swimmer may swim any style, except that in a medley relay or an individual medley event, freestyle means any style other than butterfly, breaststroke or backstroke. Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race, except it shall be permissible for the swimmer to be completely submerged during the turn and for a distance of not more than 15 meters (16.4 yards) after the start and each turn. By that point the head must have broken the surface.
Upon completion of each length the swimmer must touch the wall.
The swimmer shall have finished the race when any part of his person touches the wall after completing the prescribed distance.

Individual Medley (IM)

  • Intermediate turns within each stroke shall conform to the turn rules for that stroke.
  • The turns when changing from one stroke to another shall conform to the finish rules for the stroke just completed, and shall be as follows:
    1. Butterfly to Backstroke - The swimmer must touch as described in 101.3.5. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner, but the shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the back when the swimmer leaves the wall.
    2. Backstroke to Breaststroke - The swimmer must touch the wall while on the back. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner but the shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall and the prescribed breaststroke form must be attained prior to the first arm stroke.
    3. Breaststroke to Freestyle - The swimmer must touch as described in 101.2.4. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner.
Order of Strokes
The swimmer shall swim the prescribed distance in the following order: the first one-fourth, butterfly; the second one-fourth, backstroke; the third one-fourth, breaststroke; and the last one-fourth, freestyle.
The forward start shall be used.
The stroke for each one-fourth of the designated distance shall follow the prescribed rules for that stroke.
The swimmer shall have finished the race when any part of his/her person touches the wall after the prescribed distance.


  • No swimmer shall swim more than one leg in any relay event.
  • When automatic relay take-off judging is used, each swimmer must touch the touchplate or pad in his/her lane at the end of the course to have finished his/her leg of the relay race.
  • In relay races a swimmer other than the first swimmer shall not start until his/her teammate has concluded his/her leg.
  • Any relay team member and his/her relay team shall be disqualified from a race if a team member other than the swimmer designated to swim that leg enters the pool in the area where the race is being conducted before all swimmers of all teams have finished the race. Exception: When an in-the-water start is required or such start is approved by the Referee.
  • Each relay team member shall leave the water immediately upon finishing his/her leg, except the last member.
  • In relay races the team of a swimmer whose feet have lost touch with the starting platform (ground or deck) before his/her preceding teammate touches the wall shall be disqualified.
  • In relay races involving in-the-water starts, the team of a swimmer who has lost touch with the end of the course before his/her preceding teammate touches the wall shall be disqualified, unless the swimmer in default returns to the original starting point at the wall.
Four swimmers on each team, each to swim one-fourth of the prescribed distance using any desired stroke(s). Freestyle finish rules apply.
Medley Relay
Four swimmers on each team, each to swim one-fourth of the prescribed distance in the following order: first, backstroke; second, breaststroke; third, butterfly; and fourth, freestyle. Rules pertaining to each stroke used shall govern where applicable. At the end of each leg, the finish rule for each stroke applies in each case.
Rules Pertaining to Relay Races

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Team Cheer


by Phillip Dawkins, former Piranha

Hey, yo, other fish
Listen up and get dished.
This is how we get around,
So listen up or hit the ground.
Piranhas fight.
Piranhas win.
Piranahas kick some serious fin.
Piranhas show their gruesome teeth,
And you may never be released.
Goooooooo... Piranhas!!!!

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We Hope this Handbook contains all the information possible to make this season a memorable one. Keep in mind that this is all done for the sake of our children in:


  • Keeping them focused
  • Helping them keep a positive attitude
  • Teaching them good fitness
  • Teaching them good sportsmanship
  • Teaching them team work

Suggestions and parent participation are always welcomed.

Thank You from The Elk Grove Piranha Board of Directors.

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