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Meridian Swim Association teaches children the correct technique for the four  strokes used during competitions.

Freestyle (also called the crawl by some) - This is swum on the child's stomach while using a flutter (or scissor) kick with the legs and the arms are circling forward in an alternating motion. The most important thing with this stroke is to keep your face in the water and breathing side to side instead of lifting your head straight up. This is the most common stroke swum in competitions due to the many  different lengths ~ from 25 meters to 1500 meters.

Backstroke - This is the stroke that will be swum only on the child's back. They will use the flutter (or scissor) kick for this stoke also. Their arms will be alternating up over their heads with one arm always above the water and the other below the water at the same time. This stroke is the one some swimmers prefer to start with especially if they aren't comfortable with putting their face in the water.

Breaststroke - In the breaststroke, the swimmer leans on the chest, arms breaking the surface of the water slightly, legs always underwater and the head underwater for the second half of the stroke. The kick is sometimes referred to as a "frog-kick" because of the resemblance to the movement of a frog's hind legs; however, when done correctly it is more of a "whip kick" due to the whip-like motion that moves starting at the core down through the legs. This stroke is not introduced until later on after the swimmers are doing well in Freestyle and Backstroke. We will start with the kick first before introducing the arms.

Butterfly - The butterfly technique with the dolphin kick consists of synchronous arm movement with a synchronous leg kick. Good technique is crucial to swim this style effectively. The wave-like body movement is also very significant in creating propulsion, as this is the key to easy synchronous over-water recovery and breathing. MSA teaches this stroke in stages. We first get the swimmers comfortable with the dolphin kick (mermaid kick) before we introduce the arms. The most important things with this stroke is that the legs stay together and the arms move at the same time.