Glossary of Dolphin and Swimming Terms

Backstroke
Unique from the other 3 competitive strokes in that is swum on the back. The arms are stretched alternately over the head, and the legs are moved in a flutter kick.

Breaststroke
The trickiest of the 4 competitive strokes. Some swimmers have a natural breaststroke kick. Many beginners refer to this as the easiest stroke, while many experienced swimmers refer to this as the most difficult. The swimmer faces the water and extends both arms outward and sideways from a position close to the chest, at the same time drawing up the legs and then extending them quickly backward.

Butterfly
The toughest of the 4 competitive strokes to do correctly. If done correctly, it is a very quick and powerful stroke. Facing the water, both arms are thrust out at the sides at the same time, then brought forward out of the water and down through the water in a circular motion.

Disqualification
If a swimmer does a stroke illegally during the meet, he/she will be disqualified (DQ’d) in that event by a stroke and turn judge. DQs happen many times during a meet, and swimmers should not get discouraged. If they are DQ’d, try to use it as a learning experience.

Drill
A workout set that is meant to improve a swimmer’s stroke by focusing on one certain aspect of the stroke.

Dolphin Dive

Weekly email (usually) sent on Tuesdays. It is filled with pertinent information for the upcoming week.

Freestyle
The fastest of the 4 competitive strokes. Technically, there is no such stroke as “freestyle.” In a freestyle event, a swimmer can swim anything he/she wants to. Most swimmers use the crawl stroke, which is referred to as “freestyle.” For the crawl stroke, the swimmer lies prone with the face in the water except when turned briefly sideways for breathing, and uses alternate over-arm strokes and a continuous flutter kick.

Heater
A volunteer position at meets. The heater is in charge of making sure every swimmer gets his/her race event card and gets to the blocks for the correct event.

Heating Area
The area right behind or near the starting blocks at meets. Swimmers should report to the heating area at least four events before their event. Parents/guardians should avoid going into the heating area to reduce congestion and confusion for swimmers. A Heater will assist swimmers in the area.

Individual Medley (or I.M.)
An individual event in which the swimmer swims each of the 4 strokes in order of butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle-“fly, back, breast, free” This event can either be a 100, where the swimmer swims 25 meters of each stroke in the designated order, or it can be a 200, where the swimmer swims 50 meters of each stroke in the correct order. (I.M=fly, back, breast, free)

Mailbox
Our “mailbox” is actually a large plastic storage box, which will be available at every practice. Each family has its own hanging file that will hold any important information for upcoming meets, swim meet ribbons, and speeding tickets. It’s very important to check your family file or “mailbox” regularly

Medley Relay
Four swimmers each swim one of the 4 strokes in this order: Backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, freestyle. (MR=back, breast, fly, free). For the younger age groups, this relay is 100 meters, where each swimmer swims 25 meters. For the 9-10 year olds and up, this event is 200 meters, where each swimmer swims 50 meters.

Runner
A volunteer position at meets where the person picks up the race event cards from one of the timers in each of the lanes after each race event and “runs” them to the scoring table.
Starter A volunteer position at meets where the person calls the swimmers up to the block for their event and starts the race.

Starting Blocks
Diving blocks or blocks are the starting platforms the swimmers dive off at the start of each race event

Stroke Judge
A volunteer position at meets. They stand at the start and turn ends of the pool and watch the swimmers to make sure they do the strokes correctly.

Timers
Volunteer position at meets where the persons stand on the pool deck, behind the lanes and time the swimmers as they swim each race.

Schedule