MSL Concussion Policy

Please find a copy of the Marin Swim League's Concussion Fact Sheet HERE.


The primary goal of the Guidelines is to reduce the risk of harm to athletes and to educate coaches, parents, officials, and teams on the importance of concussion management. 

What is a Concussion?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define concussion as “a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works.” Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. The Zurich Conference on Concussion in Sport also states that concussion typically results in the rapid onset of short–lived impairment of neurological function that resolves spontaneously. However, symptoms and signs may evolve over a number of minutes to hours or in some cases may be even more prolonged.

Signs and Symptoms of Concussions

Athletes do not have to be “knocked out” to have a concussion. In fact, less than 1 out of 10 concussions result in loss of consciousness. Concussion symptoms can develop right away or up to 48 hours after the injury. Ignoring signs or symptoms can put an athlete’s health at risk!

Possible signs and symptoms of a concussion:

· Appears dazed, stunned or confused

· Unsure about event, location, or name of meet

· Forgets an instruction or assignment

· Moves clumsily

· Answers questions slowly

· Loses consciousness (even briefly)

· Shows mood, behavior or personality changes – irritability, sadness, nervousness, emotional

· Can’t recall events before or after incident Symptoms Reported by Athlete

· Any headache or “pressure” in head - how badly it hurts does not matter

· Nausea or vomiting

· Balance problems or dizziness

· Double or blurry vision

· Sensitivity to light and/or noise

· Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy

· Concentration or memory problems

· Confusion

· Does not “feel right”

· Trouble falling asleep

· Sleeping more or less than usual


· Each MSL Team is responsible to identify and be in compliance with the state and local laws including educational and insurance requirements for the management and treatment of concussions.

· All coaches, officials, and parents should be given a copy of the Guideline and Concussion Fact Sheet.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - "Heads Up" Information