Welcome to Central California Swimming!

Standard Officials Attire

Current CCS attire for officials is as follows:

  • White, collared shirts. Men shirts should have sleeves, women may wear sleeveless blouses.

  • Navy blue trousers (not denim) with either long or short pant legs. Women may also wear a navy blue skirt.

  • Shoes should be predominantly white. Some color is acceptable, but the color should be mostly white.

  • Winter attire, such as sweat shirts and parkas, should be white as well.

Meet Referee's have the authority to make appropriate exceptions to these standards. If your attire has an exception to the above, you should check with the Meet Referee.

Championship Meet Attire

In championship meet environments, attire for peliminary and championship sessions may vary. The Meet Referee has the authority to choose what attire should be worn for what sessions.

For example, a Meet Referee may decide that for prelims, attire will be Standard Officials Attire with any of its variations. For finals, he/she may decide on long navy blue slacks with an Hawaiian shirt.

Each Meet Referee has access to the CCS blast email function and will send an email out indicating what the attire will be for that particular meet. If you are planning to attend a championship meet, make sure you check your email. If there is no email forthcoming from the Meet Referee, than use the Standard Officials Attire guide.

Stroke & Turn Judge Training

Form/Document for Procedure:

Stroke & Turn Training Packet

The primary function of all officials is to ensure "fair and equitable competition." The way a Stroke & Turn Judge performs this function is to ensure that all competitors comply with the technical rules of the event in which they are competing. CCS and USA Swimming have adopted the philosophy that all competitors, regardless of age (from the 5 year old to the national champion), must conform to the technical rules.

If you wish to become an official, you will start as a Stroke & Turn Judge. Training to become a Stroke & Turn Judge consists of studying the technical rules for the strokes and relays, working a minimum of 6 sessions as a trainee on-deck with a series of certified officials and passing (80% score or better) an online multiple choice test. The number of on-deck training sessions can vary by individual. Some trainees are more comfortable with one or more additional sessions.

To begin training, you need only come to a swim meet prepared to train. You should be in appropriate attire (click Return to Officials Index on the left and then Officials Attire) and be there at least an hour before the meet starts (there is always an officials briefing starting any where from 45 minutes to an hour before the start of the meet). You should report to the Meet Referee who, during warm-ups, is generally at the starting table and let that person know you wish to begin training.

Prior to coming to your first session, you should print out the Stroke & Turn Training Packet (the link is at the top of this page) and bring it with you. At the meet, if they are available, you will be given a mini-rule book. If they are not available, you can print a copy of the pertinent sections of the rule book from a PDF file posted on the USA Swimming website.

  • USA Swimming's url is www.usaswimming.org

  • Click the Volunteers tab

  • Click the Officials link on the left

  • Click the Rules & Regulations link that appears below the Officials link.

  • Locate the current mini-rule book link and click that link.

  • Once the document is loaded to your bowser, print Article 101. That article contains the technical rules for the strokes and relays.

At any time you are comfortable with the rules and wish to take the test, you may do so on the USA Swimming Website (click Return to Officials Index on the left and then Officials Tests).

Also, at any time that you feel comfortable that you wish to be a certified official, but before you can be certified, you will need to join USA Swimming, either as an athlete or non-athlete member. Most officials are non-athlete members, but if you are a Masters swimmer training with a USA Swimming club, you would register as an athlete member for insurance purposes. (You need NOT be registered twice. Only athlete coaches need to be registered twice.)

USA Swimming Volunteer Officials

Central California Swimming (CCS), the local governing body for USA Swimming in the San Joaquin Valley, is looking for volunteers who would be interested in becoming officials to assist in the conduct of swimming competition in central California. Officials not only conduct swim meets for USA Swimming, but also they assist other organizations, such as high schools and recreation leagues, conduct their meets as well. Consistency of meet conduct throughout the area is critical to making the sport of swimming an enjoyable experience for our athletes. In order to maintain this high level of consistency, CCS is trying to add 30 to 40 new volunteer officials to its ranks. In so doing, CCS can better meet the needs of the sport as well as provide a fun and rewarding experience for its volunteers. If you would be interested in becoming an official, please review the following information and contact Renée Patterson as noted below.


  • USA Swimming Registration (2005 fees):

    • $52.00 annual non-athlete registration fee (individual membership)

    • $90.00 annual non-athlete registration fee (family membership)

    • Registration after September 1 is valid through December of the following year. USA Swimming Rule Book is included with "official" registration.

  • Exception:

    • If you are already a member of USA Swimming as an athlete, coach or administrator, paying the registration fee is not necessary.


  • Orientation & Clinic:

    • Attend a clinic. A number of clinics are offered annually in various locations. Plan on attending at least one. Training materials will be provided as well as time for on-deck training.

  • On Deck:

    • Stroke & turn trainees shall work a minimum of 6 sessions with a certified official.

    • A variety of meets are planned for the summer and fall.

    • Attend the pre-meet briefing 1 hour prior to the start of each meet (session).

  • Other Expectations:

    • Age - minimum of 18 years of age.

    • Attire - solid navy blue skirt, shorts or pants, white collared shirt & white shoes.

    • Attitude - J, willing to volunteer & dedicated

    • There will be an opportunity for session review with trainer & trainee.

    • Test - open book.

  • Certification - after successfully completing training and test.


  • On Deck:

    • Officials are welcome to work any CCS meet they attend.

    • Officials shall work a minimum of 4 meets per year.

    • Attend the pre-meet briefing 1 hour prior to the start of each meet (session).

  • Recertification:

    • Every two years officials shall attend a clinic and take an open book test.

    • For recertification an official shall work a minimum of 4 meets per year.

  • Promotion:

    • USA Swimming offers 3 levels of certification: local, National & National Championship.

    • CCS offers officials the opportunity to continue their training for positions such as chief judge, starter, deck referee, administrative referee & meet referee.

  • Other Expectations:


    • Free lunch!